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We can list several abnormalities that involve hip dysplasia, ranging from hip instability, along with capsular loosening, to complete dislocation of the femoral head.


Read on to learn more about hip dislocation (dysplasia) to understand its characteristics and surgical treatment.

Medical experts agree that abnormal laxity of the hip joint causes dislocation of the femoral head of the femur. The normal development of the acetabulum is impaired due to dislocations and subluxations of the head of the femur (a fact common in hip dysplasia).

Sometimes diagnosis in elderly patients may be delayed. Treating hip dysplasia in children is heavily debated in the medical field, as experts don’t agree on the best type of treatment.


Some experts recommend closed reduction as it helps avoid the risk of losing range of motion and avascular necrosis after surgery.


Surgeons who prefer open reduction say that there is usually a considerable risk of relapse in patients with re-dislocation, so a second surgery would be required after closed reduction. The recommended treatments will depend on the stage and classification of hip dysplasia.

Some studies indicate that about 60% of children who underwent closed reduction, ended up needing a second surgery. In those treated with open-air reduction, the number was 30%.

Avascular necrosis can also occur with increased intra-articular pressure due to vigorous traction and prolonged immobilization.

Hip Dislocation Case Symptoms

A major symptom of hip dislocation is severe pain in the hip that stops the patient from moving their leg freely. Also, the leg affected by the dislocation may show an apparent shortening, with the foot and knee facing inwards or outwards.

What do you do when you suspect hip dislocation?

If you suspect that someone may have dislocated their hip, you should call an ambulance right away. The patient will need to be transported on a stretcher because they can’t put weight on their leg.

Surgical Treatment For Hip Dislocation

Medical experts will recommend surgery to reposition the joint. This will involve fixing the socket of the hip bone. The patient will be given anesthesia during the procedure to help them manage pain.

The patient should be able to move their leg freely after surgery and recovery. Doctors will have to confirm the success of the surgery using X-rays. They may also use computed tomography to check the position of the bones.

Changes such as the presence of bone fragments within the joint require an arthroscopy for proper cleaning and repair. In such cases, the patient will still be hospitalized for a week.

To speed up recovery, the orthopedist will recommend crutches to avoid unnecessary stress on the newly operated hip and allow the tissues to heal.

See your orthopedist for a specialized consultation.


Nossa Estrutura

Unidade Higienópolis

Sala de espera com amplo espaço e conforto para a família que espera por uma consulta de ortopedia geral ou ortopedia infantil.

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Unidade Higienópolis
A clínica Artroplastias do ortopedista em São Paulo, Dr. Felipe possui sala para acolher o paciente e família.

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Unidade Higienópolis

Sala para um exame ortopédico completo, cujo objetivo é o diagnóstico preciso. A indicação de uma artroplastia de quadril se baseia no estudo clínico e radiográfico cuidadoso do paciente.

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